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Template 001

Template 001

Template for making bobbin lace. A rectangular piece of cardboard with tracing paper and a pattern drawn in ink as well as needle holes, remains of pillow attachment points. Brussels pattern depicting a zoomorphic representation of a butterfly. Nymphalidae butterfly (?), with antennae and abdomen as an axis of symmetry for the unfurled wings.
The template is part of the stocks of the former bobbin-making school in Kańczuga. The school, financed by the District Division in Łańcut and then by the Lacemaking School Centre in Vienna, was run by Baroness Magdalena Czechowiczowa in her own home in Kańczuga since 1882. Young girls between 8 and 15 years old were taught lacemaking. Tens of girls from Kańczuga and the surrounding villages attended the school. Magdalena Czechowiczowa together with the most promising pupils would also acquire and develop new skills at the national Lacemaking School in Zakopane established in 1883 and also at the Lacemaking School Centre in Vienna. Czech, Viennese, Brussels, “idrija” and “reticella” lace techniques were taught and practised at the school. Lace was used for collars, jabots, ruffles, volants (special tiered ruffles for airy dresses, trims, undergarments, doilies, folding fans, umbrellas, lace curtains, bedding, liturgical attire and headdresses). Wares from the school in Kańczuga were highly appreciated (gold medal at the 1900 World Exhibition in Glasgow). Due to the proliferation of cheaper machine-made lace, the Lacemaking School in Kańczuga closed down.

Exhibit: template for making bobbin lace with a butterfly motif
Materials, technique: cardboard, white tracing paper, ink drawing
Dimensions: height 12 cm, width 14.5 cm
Made in: 1890 - 1925, a period during which the lacemaking school in Kańczuga was active.
Origin: Kańczuga
Owner: Museum in Przeworsk The Palace-Park Complex

(File size: 0.10 MB, format: PDF)

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